Ruda Śląska

Ruda Slaska, in its present form has existed since 1959. It was created from the merger of neighboring rural communities, which in the past - as a single administrative unit - had its own emblem, which is their trademark. Coats of arms of municipalities were placed primarily on stamps. They were different in nature - devotional - (Kochłowice), taken from the coat of owners (Orzegów), which represents an existing iron and steel industry (Halemba). Most of them have already formed in the late eighteenth. , A few in the next century. The youngest was the emblem of the New Bytom, adopted at the meeting of the municipal executive board in 1920. VII. 1927 r. And used 0d 20. 11. 1928 r. after approval by the Regional Office of Silesia. At wzg1ędem plastic coat more resembled a city than a traditional emblem of the municipal. The split in the disc rosohę appear: the figure of St.. Barbara holding a sword in the hands and the cup of Hosts, and half połuorła gear. Coat of arms symbolizes the tradition of mining municipalities (St.. Barbara), its location in Upper Silesia (połuorła), is also developing another heavy industry (half a cogwheel). However, Ore, but was one of the oldest cities (first mentioned as early as 1305 r. ) Does not have its own municipal emblem. At the meeting of the Silesian l5. VIII. 1939 r. - Two municipalities - Ruda and New Bytom been promoted to the rank of cities. At that time, had the right to use the city's coat of arms. The resolution was carried out only in 1951 r. New coat for Bytom adopted without changes to the old emblem of the municipality, while the ore does not have its own coat of arms. Eight years later, in 1959. both cities were merged into one body under the name of Ruda Slaska.

The city still had no coat of arms. For ideological reasons they can not be regarded as any, nowobytomskiego coat - though it would be the best solution - because it is present in the image of St.. Barbara. Therefore the city authorities decided to create an entirely new coat. In accordance with the then expose the propaganda he had only two moments - the city belonging to the Polish People's Republic and its wielkoprzemysłowy character, which drew a new political system. Historical and cultural traditions omitted, being regarded as irrelevant. A new coat of arms was adopted in 1917. IX. 1966 r. by the Municipal Council of the National. Created on the initiative and in cooperation with the Society of Friends of Ruda Slaska. In terms of heraldic correctness had many glaring errors (the accumulation of too many elements, incompatible with the art of heraldic color scheme, as often, in vain it was pointed out in scientific publications. Moreover, in later years appeared in several color variants, also far from the correct heraldic. Still in force for over thirty years, until the municipal authorities decided to replace with new.

Determination of the coat of arms for the city was not a simple matter. Given that the ore from which the town was named, did not have in the past or the emblem or coat of arms, which could become the city's coat of arms as in the case of Katowice, Slaskie Piekary Siemianowice whether one had to develop a new project. He had to meet several conditions:
visible effects common to all districts in the current city
refer to the past,
highlight a particular feature distinguishes Ruda Slaska from neighboring cities.

As a basis for developing a new draft was adopted coat of Nowy Bytom corresponds best to the above assumptions. Compared with the original has been slightly changed. Adopted shield camp cooker, split into a pillar instead of the previous trójpolowej. Such discs were typical of the Upper Silesian municipal heraldry, coats of arms as most of the city since the Middle Ages formed the two elements. The consequence of this assumption was the removal of a third emblem - half gear - as the least important. The other two emblems were moved.

In the left blue box is a golden połuorła.






Golden eagle in a blue field, was once the Upper Silesian Piast coat of arms, as confirmed by sources from the fourteenth. Currently, the gold eagle is the emblem of the Katowice region (0d 1996. ). The coat of arms of Ruda Slaska has a dual role. symbolizes kilkuwiekowe, traced to the roots of most villages the Piast dynasty, which founded the city and the current membership of the administrative. Moreover połuorła is most characteristic element of the Upper Silesian city coats of arms also highlighting its tradition of Piast. In the right, the white box is the standing figure of Saint Barbara in a blue dress, wrapped in a red cloak, holding in his right hand the gold and silver sword (symbol of martyrdom) in the left a golden chalice with Host.

The cult of St.. Barbara as a patron of masons and blacksmiths in Silesia was known already in the XIV. In 1723, r. tarnogórscy gwarkowie religious fraternity founded at St.. Barbara. From that time was considered the patroness of miners, which had protect from sudden and unexpected death. In the nineteenth. Her cult became widespread among coal miners. Images of the sacred chalice holding the Hosts przykopalniane adorned chapels and altars. It was a peculiar expression of faith that in the event of an accident under the ground when the miner is in a hopeless position, Barbara will give him a feast in the life of the last Holy Communion. The cult of the sacred was very lively in the vicinity of Rudy. With mention of source it is known that in the local mines for half an hour before the exit to the bottom of the miners gathered in front of her personality, recited prayers and sang the national anthem in honor of the holy.

In the mid-nineteenth. a relatively small area of today's city worked more than a dozen coal mines. Even today coal mining is the leading branch of industry Ruda Slaska. Therefore, putting the city's coat of arms the patroness of miners were considered the most reasonable. This was also consistent with the principles as opposed to heraldic quoted in the previous coat tower hoist - a completely foreign element heraldic symbolism.

This image refers to both past and present city. In addition, Barbara is the patroness of holy cities. The draft retains the image of the saint with arms nowobytomskiego, although slightly deviate from the rules of heraldry. Refers to the universal ideas in Upper Silesia, Barbara holding a chalice. The idea was to identify the sacred was clear and understandable to all residents of the city.